Research Paper

Question

HLS 404: Homeland Security and Defense
in Practice

Lesson 4 – Intelligence and Information Sharing
Student Learning Tasks | Graded Assignment
Type Correspondence: Information Paper
Title: “The Role of Intelligence in Implementing Homeland Security Activities”
Situation:
You are a member of the State and Local Outreach division of the Office of the Director of
National Intelligence. You have been directed to develop an Information Paper for a newlyelected
governor who has openly demonstrated his reluctance to establish a state All-Source
Information and Intelligence Analysis Center. He has voiced his concerns about state-level
responsibilities vs. federal-level responsibilities many times and believes it is the USG’s
responsibility – not his state’s – to develop and disseminate intelligence/information related to
terrorism. The governor’s rationale continues to fuel his stance that any initiative to establish
such a center in his state is a waste of taxpayer dollars – particularly in this time of economic
stress.
The Information Paper should not exceed 1,000 words.
Measure of Success:
In order to complete this assignment, you must demonstrate and articulate the role of
Intelligence and Information-Sharing in supporting Homeland Security activities. Your
Information Paper must include:

  1. A general overview of the duties of the Director of National Intelligence as they relate to
    disseminating information/intelligence to the states, counties and local units of
    government officials via the DHS.
  2. The entities comprising the Intelligence Community and a brief overview of each member’s
    responsibilities
  3. An overview of the Information Sharing Environment extending from the federal level (IC)
    to the local unit of government (local stakeholders) level
  4. The importance of state and local unit of government-derived intelligence in completing a
    holistic threat assessment
  5. Available funding opportunities for state/regional all-source information and intelligence
    fusion centers
  6. Challenges & concerns inhibiting complete information-sharing with stakeholders of
    Homeland Security initiatives

Answer

Information Paper

“The Role of Intelligence in Implementing Homeland Security Activities”

Purpose. To provide information on the role of intelligence in implementing Homeland Security activities.

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Background. The dreadful events surrounding the 9/11 terrorist attack on US soil showed that there were many intelligence-sharing gaps across all levels of the country’s administrative apparatus. If the renewed efforts aimed at fighting terror are to succeed, there is need for greater interaction across intelligence agencies and improved sharing of information. As a result, several measures have been put in place to ensure information sharing such as:

  • Creation of the Director of National Intelligence
  • Constitution of the Intelligence Community
  • Enhancement of the existing Information Sharing Environment
  • Increased role of local and state unit of government-derived intelligence
  • Provision of funding opportunities.

Creation of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. This office was established in order to stipulate clear leadership role for those at the helm of the national intelligence’s administrative hierarchy. At the top of this hierarchy is the director, who is responsible for providing leadership across the intelligence community. The following are the duties and responsibilities as summarized by Congress and further strengthened by Executive Order 13470 (Office of the Director of National Intelligence, n.d):

  • [Key highlight #1] establishes that the director ensures that relevant authorities such as the President, the US Congress and senior military commanders receive well-timed and objective national intelligence.
  • [Key highlight #2] provides that the director oversees the coordination of relationships with security or intelligence services of international organizations and foreign governments.
  • [Key highlight #3] creates the director’s role of developing and executing the National Intelligence program’s annual budget.
  • [Key highlight #4] establishes that the director ensures utmost accessibility of and access to intelligence information within the Intelligence Community.

Constitution of the Intelligence Community. In response to the terror attacks, a federation of federal agencies was established by Executive order 12333 to conduct intelligence activities crucial for the conduct of national security and foreign relations (FAS.org, n.d). Among the agencies and their roles include:

  • [Key highlight #1] stipulates that intelligence agencies, civilian intelligence, military intelligence and federal executive analysis offices such as the FBI, DEA, DIA and CIA form the intelligence community.
  • [Key highlight #2] highlights that the IC collects and produces domestic and foreign intelligence, conduct espionage and add to military planning.
  • [Key highlight #3] posits that the intelligence community must provide intelligence on cyber threats, foil efforts of overseas intelligence entities, counter the proliferation and threat of weapons of mass destruction and counter terrorists (National Intelligence Strategy of the USA, 2014).

Information Sharing Environment-established by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorist Prevention Act 2004 headed by a program manager.

  • [Key highlight #1] establishes that the program manager provide analysts, investigators and operators with vital information for enhancing national security.
  • [Key highlight #2] provides that the Information Sharing Environment supports horizontal and vertical distribution of information that is related to terrorism (Randol, 2009).

Increased role of local and state unit of government-derived intelligence. Urban areas and states alike have come up with local and state fusion centers in an effort to address the unique information-sharing needs of tribal, territorial, local and state authorities. The fusion centers are created and controlled by respective local and state entities.

[Key highlight #1] establishes that the State and Local Program Office is responsible for the development and execution of the fusion centers budget.

For additional information:

Federal Register (2008).

Office of the Director of National Intelligence. (2014).

Randol, M. (2009)

FAS.org.

References

Federal Register (2008). “Executive Order 13470”. National Archives and Records             Administration

Office of the Director of National Intelligence (n.d). “ODNI FAQ”. Web.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence. (2014). The National Intelligence Strategy of the            United States of America.

Randol, M. (2009). “Homeland Security Intelligence: Perceptions, Statutory Definitions, and          Approaches.” Congressional Research Service.

FAS.org. (n.d.) An Overview of the Intelligence Community. Web.

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