Business Studies Paper


Type your answers to the prompts below in a Word document. Remember to include parenthetical citations (in APA format) to reference your sources. 
1.   Complete an in-depth analysis of the Railway Labor Act (RLA), including its amendments, judicial interpretations, and administrative law. Having studied the RLA over the past few weeks, you will now tie it together with what you have learned about labor relations thus far. Choose a case from the               Saint Leo Online Library or any other Internet source on this topic and be sure to include this in your response. 
2.   Explain arbitration and mediation and how they apply to labor relations. 


Railway Labor Act

The Railway Labor Act addresses labor relations in the airline railroad networks. The Act specifies the negotiation and mediation strategies that must be applied and exhausted before other alternatives are sought. In addition, the law outlines ways to solve minor disagreements over collective bargaining. In minor cases, the National Railroad Adjustment Board (NRAB) is in charge of dealing with these disputes (Dulles &Dubofsky, 2004). Self-help is not permitted in these situations. Major cases include issues in pay and working conditions. In this context, self-help is permitted after efforts of mediation have failed.


The RLA was passed in 1926following negotiations between railroad companies and the dominant unions in this sector. It was amended 1934 and again two years later.The 1934 amendment gave the National Mediation Board wider powers and made the Board of Mediation a permanent entity. In 1936, the Act was extended to cover airlines (Dulles &Dubofsky, 2004). The roles of the RLA as designated and regulated by the law include preventing interruption of operational activities, ensuring all employees are not hindered on joining labor unions and to providing resolution to disputes.In Skinner v. Railway Labor Executives Association, the issue of compulsory blood and urine test of train employees was addressed. The Federal Railroad Administration was at the forefront of implementing this provision, marking one of the steps taken to promote efficiency of the labor force and labor relations.

Both arbitration and mediation employ a neutral third party in the negotiation process and involve replace the litigation process. However, the two differ in the sense that arbitration is considered legally binding while mediation is not. These two methods are important in settling both major and minor disputes in a simple and less costly manner (Yellen, 1969). In addition, they promote communication and decision making processes within the labor force.


Dulles, F & Dubofsky, M. (2004). Labor in America: A History. Wheeling, IL: Harlan Davidson.

Yellen, S. (1969). American Labor Struggles. New York, NY: Harcout, Brace.

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